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Home » Eye Care Services » Eye Diseases

Eye Diseases

Our doctors are qualified and experienced in diagnosing, treating and managing a wide range of diseases which affect the human eye and visual system.  If you suspect an eye condition or problem, you should seek attention doctor immediately. For general education purposes, we have included some of the most common examples of eye disease below.

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Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome occurs when the normal flow of tears over the eyes is interrupted, or the tear film is abnormal. In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem. You can relieve the symptoms, but not cure the original cause. Artificial tear lubricants, or in some cases, blocking the tear ducts will concentrate the limited tears that are available.

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Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped. The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe. This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins. The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing vision. Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface. If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy is a condition when a diabetic person's blood sugar gets too high. High blood sugar levels start a series of events which end in damaged blood vessel walls. As such, the blood vessels begin to leak fluid or bleed, causing the retina to swell and form deposits know as exudates. Vision can be lost if these spots are not watched and treated. At Apple Eyecare, we carefully examine the back of your eyes to follow and manage this and other important eye diseases.

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Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye. This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens. When light enters the eye it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred. There are many different types of cataracts. The one shown here is a cortical cataract. Here the opacity forms first is the periphery of the lens and develops inward, like spokes of a wheel. Ultimately, the best treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an acrylic man made lens. This is referred to as cataract surgery.

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Macular Degeneration

Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the back of the eye loses blood circulation. It is considered a natural aging process. There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region. As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes. It is believed that this breakdown may be due to a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease. Treatment can range from better nutritional management, sometimes to include a tablet containing the primary minerals and vitamins found lacking in many macular degenerated patients.

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Glaucoma is a term used to identify multiple eye conditions that can potentially damage the optic nerve. Because the optic nerve is responsible for supplying visual information to your brain, it's important to keep it healthy. Glaucoma most often results from abnormally high pressures in the eye, which can eventually erode the optic nerve tissue and cause vision loss. Typically, eye pressure can be managed with eye drops. If more advanced treatment is necessary, your doctor may suggest a combination of medicine with the eye drops, or even surgery.